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Need to Know: Top 10 Facts about the Amazon

By Source: Conserve Energy Future / 26/09/2019
  • At 5.5 million square kilometres, the Amazon is the biggest tropical rainforest in the world.
  • It is located on the north side of South America and is shared by nine countries: Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname, French Guiana and Guiana.
  • More than 200 indigenous groups live in the Amazon; about 50 of those communities have never made contact with the outside world. 
  • The Amazon River is 6,400km long, making it the second-longest river in the world and the largest by volume.
  • Climate-change scientists have warned that a three-degree rise in temperature will destroy 75 percent of the Amazon rainforest within 100 years.
  • The current fires raging through the Amazon rainforest in Brazil have reached record levels, with NASA saying they are the highest in any year since 2010.
  • According to experts, the Amazon is depleting at a rate of 1.5 acres every second because of deforestation for cattle grazing and crop production.
  • The Amazon is home to more than 16,000 different species of trees, 2.5 million insect species, 1,300 bird species, 427 mammals, 430 amphibian species and 380 reptile species.
  • Known as the “lungs of the planet”, the Amazon is like a giant air machine; it draws in and recycles carbon dioxide into oxygen before releasing it into the air.
  • More than 80 per cent of the types of food the world consumes originated in the Amazon, including avocados, coconuts, vegetables and spices.

 

Top 10 Facts about The Amazon

 

 

 
 

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